Pronunciation: Good Activities and Practice

 

Stress: Noun-Verb Homographs

1. Underline the stressed syllables and practice pronouncing the words with your partner and then record yourself. The first one has been done as an example.

Noun
abstract
address
attribute
combat
commune
compact
compound
compress
conduct
confines
conflict
conscript
console
consort
construct
contest

Verb
abstract
address
attribute
combat
commune
compact
compound
compress
conduct
confines
conflict
conscript
console
consort
construct
contest

Noun
contract
contrast
converse
convert
convict
defect
digest
discharge
dismount
escort
exploit
export
extract
impact
import
impound

Verb
contract
contrast
converse
convert
convict
defect
digest
discharge
dismount
escort
exploit
export
extract
impact
import
impound

Source: English Corner. (n.d.). Noun-Verb Homographs 1_Listen to the noun-verb pairs and repeat. Retrieved from: http://www.englishcorner.vacau.com/pronunciation/nv01.html

 

2. Read aloud the following sentences once. Then, mark the stressed syllables  for the bold-typed words by underlining the stressed syllable. Read aloud those bold-typed words once afterwards.

1.       Can you pass me a plastic knife?

2.       I want to take a photography class.

3.       China is the place where I was born.

4.       Please turn off the television before you go out.

5.       I can’t decide which book to borrow.

6.       Do you understand this lesson?

7.       Sparky is a very happy puppy.

8.       It is critical that you finish your essay.

9.       My Grandfather wears an old-fashioned coat.

10.   There is a lot of traffic on the highway today.

Answer:

1.   PLAStic,  2.   phoTOgraphy,  3.   CHIna,  4.    teleVISion, 5.   Decide, 6.    UNderstand,

7.   HAppy,   8.   CRItical,   9.    Old-FASHioned, 10.   TRAffic

Source: http://www.englishclub.com/pronunciation/word-stress-quiz.htm

3. Fishing game for sentence stress

For each of the utterance around the edge of the pond, there is another utterance with the same stress pattern elsewhere.   Students have to work together and draw straight lines joining these matching pairs of utterances to find out which fish is caught.A fish is caught if it is completely surrounded by lines.   One strategy would be to begin by marking the stress patterns under each of the utterances.

The eleven stress patterns appeared in the game are provided.

 

 

Source: Hancock, M. 1995, Pronunciation Games. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 84-85

Vowels

1. Please read the following minimal pairs for short and long vowels

  Sleep a lot: /sli:p/& Slip a lot: /slIp/

  I had lunch already: /hæd/  & She hit her head: /hed/

Heat it: /hi:t/& Hit it: /hIt/

 

  The son’s reason: /ri:zən/

 The sun’s risen: /raIzən/

Good feet: /fi:t/

 Good fit: /fIt/

Wait by the door: /weIt/

Look at the huge white walls: /waIt/

(Lane, L. ,2005, Focus on pronunciation. White Plains, NY: Longman)

 

2.  Read aloud the following pairs of words to each other. Make sure you have pronounced the long and short vowels accurately.

gag - gage

not - note

sag - sage

bad - bade

glob - globe

pal - pale

Sam - same

grim - grime

slid - slide

pan - pane

pet - Pete

slim - slime

Sid - side

sit - site

plan - plane

grad - grade

con - cone

hid - hide

cap - cape

hat - hate

cub - cube

cod - code

pin - pine

tap - tape

cut - cute

quit - quite

Tom - tome

hop - hope

Tim - time

dot - dote

pop - pope

dim - dime

kit - kite

Dan - Dane

Jan - Jane

rat - rate

hug - huge

rag - rage

tub - tube

mad - made

van - vane

wag - wage

rid - ride

fat - fate

rob - robe

fad - fade

man - mane

fin - fine

mat - mate

rod - rode

win - wine

Source: http://www.aesd.net/ideas/1st/Word_Pairs_short_to_long.pdf

Diphthongs

1. Please  write down the diphthongs in common for words in each row and  provide one or more words with the same diphthongs .

Original words

Diphthong

Words with the same diphthongs

rate, late, race

play, ray, they

fly, lie, buy

how, loud, out

noise, joy, avoid

cold, post, know

 

Consonants

1. /v/ and /w/

Tongue Twisters with /v/ and /w/

·         Wild vines make fine vintage wines.

·         Victor’s friend Vincent rinsed his vests in vinegar.

·         Vivacious Vivian loved to voice vigorous verses vociferously.

·         Stephen vainly viewed vast vales with vacant eyes.

·         Vincent vowed vengeance very vehemently.

·         Woolen vests for wailing wolves are worn in the vast woodlands. 

·         For once, weary Wanda’s woolgathering lost its vim and vigor.

·         Which witch winds white weasel wool well?

·         Very volatile vets visited several wives.

·         Which is worse verse – Wendy’s verse or Wayne’s verse?

Source: Kraut’s English Phonetics Blog. (2010, December 10). Some tongue twisters with /v/ and /w/. Retrieved from http://matters-phonetic.blogspot.hk/2010/12/some-tongue-twisters-with-v-and-w.html)

 

2. /b/ and/p/

Tongue Twisters with/b/ and/p/

/b/

1. Black bug’s blood.
2. A Big Bad Bear’s Bed
3. The blue bluebird blinks.
4. Betty better butter Brad’s bread.
5. Brad’s big black bath brush broke.

/p/

1. Please pay promptly.
2. Papa, Papa picked a pot of peas.
3. Please draw a picture on this piece of paper.
4. Pirates Private Property
5. Plain bun, plum bun, bun without plum

Source: Hugar, S., 2007, Pronunciation Lesson Plan_/b/ and /p/. Retrieved from

http://purple.niagara.edu/jhuang/PronunciationSusan.htm)

 

3. /s/ and/ʃ/

Tongue Twisters with/s/ and/ʃ/

She sells sea shells by the sea shore.

The shells she sells are surely seashells.

So if she sells shells on the seashore,

I’m sure she sells seashore shells.

Source: http://www.enchantedlearning.com/rhymes/Shesells.shtml

4.  “TH”

Tongue Twisters with  “TH”

The thirty-three thieves thought that they thrilled the throne throughout Thursday.

There those thousand thinkers were thinking how did the other three thieves go through?

 

Through three cheese trees three free fleas flew.

While these fleas flew, freezy breeze blew.

Freezy breeze made these three trees freeze.

Freezy trees made these trees’ cheese freeze.

That’s what made these three free fleas sneeze.

Thirty-three thirsty, thundering thoroughbreds thumped Mr. Thurber on Thursday.

Three short sword sheaths.

I thought, I thought of thinking of thanking you.

 

Tom threw Tim three thumbtacks.

Then this mother soothed and bathed the other although the other didn’t want to be together.

Not these things here but those things there.

 Ruth and Luther’s moose’s loosest tooth is uncouth.

 I can think of six thin things, but I can think of six thick things too.

 Room Three Hundred Thirty-Three on the third floor rents for thirty-three dollars and thirty-three cents every third Thursday.Three free throws.  Three free throws.  Three free throws.

Source: http://www.heathermeloche.com/AP%20Tongue%20Twisters.htm

Consonant Clusters

Tongue Twisters with Consonant Blends

Swan swam over the pond,
Swim swan swim!
Swan swam back again -
Well swum swan!

How much wood would a woodchuck chuck
If a woodchuck would chuck wood?
A woodchuck would chuck all the wood he could chuck
If a woodchuck would chuck wood.

If two witches were watching two watches, which witch would watch which watch?

A flea and fly in a flue,
Were imprisoned so what could they do?
Said the flea let us fly.
Said the fly let us flee.
So they flew through a flaw in the flue.

The winkle ship sank and the shrimp ship swam.

Three sweet switched Swiss witches watch three washed Swiss witch Swatch watch switches. Which sweet switched Swiss witch watches which washed Swiss witch Swatch watch switch?

He thrusts his fists against the posts and still insists he sees the ghosts.

A Kentukian named Knott could not knit, so Knott invented a knitter called the Knott Knitter, but the Knott Knitter would not knit knots. One day while Knott was not knitting on the Knott Knitter, Knott invented an attachment for the Knott Knitter called the Knott Knitter Knotter. When Knott attached the Knott Knitter Knotter to the Knott Knitter, no man could knit knots like Knott knit on the Knott Knitter.

Source: http://tx.english-ch.com/teacher/abby/level-b/tongue-twisters-with-consonant-blends/

Minimal pair practice

Please read the 60 Minimal Pairs with the following videos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CrIfQTOl97k

Phonics

Song of Magic ‘E’

Source:http://www.songsforteaching.com/jennyfixmanedutunes/magice.htm